All Organisms possess a hard wired “Fight or Flight” response.
All human organisms possess both a “Flight or Fight” response, as well as a primal fear of edged tools, which both outdates and exceeds any human fear save that of being eaten.
This outline will discuss the “Fight and Flight” response (“Body Alarm Reaction”, B.A.R. or “Acute Stress Response” A.S.R.) as it applies to the use of, or defense of edged tools against human targets.
The onset of Acute Stress Response is associated both directly and indirectly through the release of epinephrine and to a lesser extent nor epinephrine from the medulla of the adrenal glands. These hormones facilitate immediate physical reactions to prepare the body for vigorous emergency action. Increased heart rate (some people note palpitations) and breathing (breathlessness), constricting blood vessels on many parts of the body (elevated blood pressure, feeling hot or cold, breaking into a sweat)- but not the large motor skill muscles, brain, lungs or heart. Muscles become tense for action (hand and body shakes). Non-essential processes are immediately switched off. In particular digestion, which may cause complaints of “butterflies” or nausea. Fine motor skills are lost. The liver releases glucose and fats are released, for fuel. Additionally, the blood supply to the frontal parts of the brain, responsible for higher levels of reasoning is reduced, while the blood supply to the more primitive parts, near the brain stem, is increased. These parts are responsible for automatic or instinctive (impulsive) behavior.
Because we’re using our primitive brain, our body too becomes more primal, we rely more on instinct. When we are instinctually protecting our body, we square with our threat (or turn to run); our shoulders roll forward, turning our arms in to protect our thoracic area. If our hands are up, our elbows roll inward and our hands cover our face. Our chin moves toward our chest. Humans rely heavily on eyesight; we need to protect our face. If we are standing, our knees turn slightly inward, along with our feet.
Due to the sudden shift of control form the parasympathetic nervous system to the sympathetic nervous system, in the first few seconds of ASR, the crystalline lens inside the eye becomes less convex and results in an optical shift of focus resulting in clear focus only at long distance. Because of the use of the sympathetic nervous system, and the focus on blood supply to large muscle groups, the focus of the eye is additionally affected by the increase of pupil diameter and the relaxation of the ciliary muscle (Tunnel Vision).
All Organisms. ALL.
Yes, this includes you.
Because ASR is a physiological reaction, and not a physical reaction, it can not be detached. Some are able, through years of training, be it martial arts, yoga or Military training, to lessen the effects of ASR. But never in the first 1-3 seconds. One second is a long time, three seconds is forever with a knife.
Edged tool VS human body.
Human targets in descending order:
No other targets should be considered anything but secondary.
Benefits of ice pick grip, cutting edge inward (towards self):
*Techniques are easily transferred and learned in two man teams. Classroom time and class size is minimized.
*Techniques are not dependant on blade size or shape. Quality folding knives work as well as fixed blades, with the exception of deployment time. Optimizes efficiency of improvised weapons.
*Technique works equally well while wearing combat load.
*Because of the linier motion and simplicity, both reciprocal (self inflicted) as well as peripheral injury is limited, while at the same time (scuffle interference) in danger zones/fields of fire is greatly reduced.
*Startle Reflex Stance (feet roughly shoulder with apart, one foot slightly forward. Knees bent, feet pointed inward. Elbows in front of chest, hands covering the face) is suited perfectly for ice pick grip, cutting edge inward. Additionally, Startle Reflex Stance is homogonous with modern weapons fighting stance, so it requires no additional training.
*Forward Moving Balance, is more easily maintained than backward moving balance. Your target will instinctively back away from a primal attack. Because of the linier, Juggernaut style (*Juggernaut: “a massive unstoppable force”), violence of action; along with the pulling motion, Forward Moving Balance is maintained, and the attack is pulled towards the target regardless of any target movement/momentum.
*Grip is strongest with last three fingers, especially during high stress. (Fine motor skills are affected). Counter Productive Leverage is too great in saber grip; the Blade is easily removed from the hand. This is not an issue of your target taking your knife away, but rather an issue of your knife being pulled or twisted from your grip during the ripping of flesh and bone. Additionally, an ice pick grip type of attack is simple and reliable during the high stress of close quarters conflict.
*The pulling motion (Rowing) is more efficient then that of pushing and works to clear obstructions/hands from the target area, as well as pull the attack in to the target. (see *Forward Moving Balance).
Non-combative armed target removal (sentry).
This does NOT cover COMMUNICATIONS, STALKING, SECURITY or DECONTAMINATION.
*No standing struggle will go un-noticed. Move your target to the ground as soon as possible.
*Targets that fall backward, generally issue some sort of “startle response”. This response may be verbal, but will certainly be physical. Shouts, thrashing and weapons discharge are common. Additionally, targets that fall on their back not only have more tools at their disposal, but also have more “fight”, due in part to a visible threat. To a lesser degree, but still important, targets on their back are capable of more visible movement due to the ability to lift arms and legs at a 90 degree angle from their body.
*Targets that fall forward tend to overcome the physical “startle response” and attempt to catch their fall by using their hands, regardless of if they are holding a weapon or not. This response both removes the weapons threat (weapons are often pinned under the fallen target), as well as any issue of accidental discharge (noise). Equally important, forward falling targets tend to gasp, rather than shout and thrash; they have visual acuity of where they are falling, therefore their brain sees it as “normal”.
*The primary target on a face down human is the cervical spine (center line). The blade should be “forced in” while the attacker “rides” the target. Attempts at this stage to “stab” are not only wild and poorly executed, but loud and highly visible. By “riding” the target and focusing on “forcing” the blade into a “hard target” using the weight and strength of the upper body, the attacker maintains control of both the situation, as well as his bowels.